Wednesday, July 31, 2013

El Día del Bodeguero en CAMACOL


From Bloomberg BusinessWeek:The Bradley Manning Verdict and the Wisdom of Judicial Statesmanship

U.S. Army Private Bradley Manning arriving at the courtroom for the fourth day of his court-martial at Fort Meade, Md., on June 10, 2013

Politics & Policy

July 30, 2013
 
The military judge who found U.S. Army Private Bradley Manning guilty of violating the Espionage Act—but not guilty of even more serious charges—exercised a form of legal statesmanship that provides a potential model for the equally explosive National Security Agency leak case.

The judge, Colonel Denise Lind, concluded that Manning violated the Espionage Act when he disclosed hundreds of thousands of classified documents to WikiLeaks, while acquitting the self-styled whistleblower of “aiding the enemy,” which would have made him eligible for a life sentence. Before the announcement of Lind’s verdict today, Manning had already pleaded guilty to a lesser version of the charges he was facing, and he still could end up spending decades behind bars when he is sentenced. Despite Manning’s guilty plea, the government tried him on the Espionage Act and aiding-the-enemy counts.

Lind’s verdict essentially split the difference, avoiding what might have been a constitutional collision between the government’s authority to keep secrets and the media’s First Amendment right to disseminate information about powerful institutions and individuals.

 The aiding-the-enemy charge, “unprecedented in a leak case,” according to the New York Times, raised the prospect of implicating any leaker of national security secrets—along with any media outlet that published, broadcast, or digitally posted the leaker’s classified disclosures—in a plot to assist the nation’s military foes. The government’s aggressive theory was that since Manning had to have known that terrorist enemies of the U.S. would be able to learn of his disclosures to WikiLeaks, he committed essentially the same crime as a military turncoat who hands secrets directly to a hostile country.

The Manning verdict bears the strong imprint of common sense. Lind rejected the government’s contention that, by dint of his training in intelligence, Manning knew his disclosures of documents and videos related to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan would likely come to the attention of al-Qaeda. On the other hand, Lind found that Manning should have known that his actions could harm the U.S., even if that was not his goal.

Some analysts and activists nevertheless decried the verdict. “Despite the lack of any evidence that he intended any harm to the United States, Manning faces decades in prison. That’s a scary precedent,” Elizabeth Goiten, co-director of the Liberty and National Security Program at the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law, said via e-mail. The verdict, of course, was meant to be “scary.” The judge intended to deter future Bradley Mannings from breaking the law and taking it upon themselves to decide which military secrets deserve exposure. At the same time, Lind made an implicit distinction between a leaker and a direct instrument of the nation’s enemies. In so doing, she ensured that Manning’s admitted misconduct will be punished, without making him into more of the martyr his supporters see him as.

Edward Snowden, the fugitive former NSA contractor behind a separate series of leaks, may one day find himself in a position similar to Manning’s. Snowden would be prosecuted in the civilian justice system, rather than by the military, so he will automatically enjoy protections not available to soldiers accused of crimes. Assuming they ever get their hands on Snowden, the U.S. Department of Justice and the federal judiciary ought to emulate Colonel Lind’s prudence in dealing with him. Attorney General Eric Holder took a promising step in that direction when he told the Russian government that Snowden will not face the death penalty if he’s returned to the U.S. The threat of capital punishment would only heighten emotions and distract from the substance of the case against Snowden.

What’s needed, instead, is a tough, prudent response that clarifies the consequences of clearly illegal defiance.
Barrett, an assistant managing editor and senior writer at Bloomberg Businessweek, is working on a book about the Chevron oil pollution case in Ecuador, which is scheduled for publication by Crown in 2014. His most recent book is GLOCK: The Rise of America’s Gun.

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tomas de las Ceremonias de Premiación en la Clausura del 34º Congreso Hemisférico

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Escenas de la Reunión de la Secretaría Permanente del 34º Congreso Hemisférico

La Secretaría Permanente del Congreso es su cuerpo directivo y se renueva democráticamente cada año en sesión que se celebra al concluir la última sesión del Congreso que tomamos para ofrecerla a nuestro lectores:
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Imágenes de la Rueda de Negocios Internacional en el Congreso Hemisférico

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La Rueda de Negocios fue una actividad empresarial muy rica en el Congreso Hemisférico. Tomamos esta escena de dos empresarios negociando durante el evento 

Friday, July 12, 2013

Antonio Airton, de Roraima, Brasil sobre el Congreso

El Sr. Antonio Airton, que representa al gran país vecino del Brasil, nos expresa sus opiniones sobre el 34 Congreso:
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Marcos Vidal, Presidente de la Cámara de Comercio de Puerto Rico

El Presidente de la Cámara de Comercio de Puerto Rico nos entrega sus impresiones en el 34 Congreso:

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Thursday, July 11, 2013

El Presidente electo de la Secretaría Permanente: Alejandro Conti, de Paraguay

Alejandro Conti, recién electo Presidente de la Secretaría Permanente del Congreso Hemisférico para este próximo año y Presidente de la Cámara de Comercio Paragüayo-Norteamericana, nos habla de la importancia de la base económico-social del desarrollo y el papel de CAMACOL en el progreso inter-americano del comercio y el intercambio:

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El Ing. Rafael A. Calleja, Director de CAMACOL y coordinador del 8º Panel de Energías del Congreso Hemisférico, nos habla del tema:


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Wednesday, July 3, 2013

Mario Gutierrez, Presidente de CAMACOL conversa sobre el Congreso Hemisférico

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Firma de Convenio de Colaboración entre la Cámara de Comercio de la Florda (Florida Chamber of Commerce) CAMACOL y el Congreso Hemisférico de Cámaras de Comercio e Industria Latinas

Continuando con la publicación de los más importantes momentos del 34º Congreso, a continuación la firma del Convenio y las palabras de Frank Ryles, de Florida Chamber of Commerce:

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Tuesday, July 2, 2013

Criterios y Comentarios de los protagonistas del desarrollo económico: PortMiami

Richard de Villiers, del Puerto de Miami participó en el 34 Congreso Hemisférico y desde allí, nos deja saber sus opiniones:

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Monday, July 1, 2013

Opiones de Líderes Empresariales : René Bustamante, FedEx

El Sr. René Bustamante, alto ejecutivo de FedEx, empresa global dedicada a la logística comercial por excelencia, participó en un panel de ese importante tema en el 34 Congreso, ofreciendo sus valiosos conocimientos y experiencia. Aprovechamos su presencia para pedirle su opinión:

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